A 4 pg paper responding to ONE of the following prompts. Double-spaced, 12 pt. font, with one inch margins.
One day you’re walking down the street with two classmates, who are named Phil and Lil. As you walk there is suddenly a bright flash of light and a bang so loud that you get knocked to the ground. When you stand up and gather your wits, there standing in front of you is the devil.
The devil tells you he is bored and in need of some entertainment. Since he is the devil, this means that someone has to die. The devil makes Phil an offer. The offer is this: if Phil wants, he can take the gun that the devil is holding out to him and shoot Lil. If he does this, the devil will dispose of your body and make sure that no one ever knows that Phil has killed Lil. The devil will then go on his merry way and you will never see him again. If Phil does not shoot Lil, however, the devil is going to randomly pick a town somewhere in the United States with about 10,000 residents, and make them all catch plague and die excruciating deaths within the next hour. He then says you, Phil, and Lil have five minutes to confer and decide what to do.
So Phil turns to you and Lil says, “I am convinced that Deontology of the sort described by Kant is correct. Therefore I fully believe that killing Lil would be the wrong thing to do and here is why.” Phil then proceeds to present his argument for thinking that killing Lil would be wrong.
In this paper, provide an account of the sort of argument that Phil is likely to make and then assess his argument.
Your paper should have something like the following structure. Begin by laying out this out this bizarre scenario and provide an account for how the paper will proceed. Then, lay out the sort of argument that Phil the Deontologist is likely to use to convince you that he shouldn’t shoot Lil. In this section make sure you say what Deontology actually is, what Deontologist’s conclude about how people should act, and why being a Deontologist would lead Phil to think that he shouldn’t shoot Lil. Next, assess whether Phil’s argument is a good one and whether or not it has convinced you that Phil really shouldn’t shoot Lil. In this section you are probably going to want to say what some of the main problems are that people bring up for Deontology these arguments actually undermine Phil’s argument. (That is, you might say that one thing that Phil is forgetting about is ______ and that this undermines his argument because ______. If you do this you might then want to consider how Phil might respond. Alternatively you could say that one thing that someone else might try to say in response to Phil is _____ but that this isn’t really a problem for her argument because _______. If you do this you might then want to consider how this other person might then respond in turn). Make sure to tell me whether, in the end, you accept Phil’s reasons to not shoot Lil. Finish your paper a short conclusion summing things up.