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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to validate the number and order of leade

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to validate the number and order of leadership roles andidentify the personality traits which trigger the choice of leadership roles.Design/methodology/approach – A survey addressing classification and measurement questionsin each of the competing values framework (CVF) quadrants was administered to a sample ofmanagerial leaders across organizations. Multidimensional scaling representing the underlying CVFdimensions in a spatial arrangement was conducted with input derived from LISREL, which was alsoused to test the degree-of-fit between the CVF roles and quadrants as well as to examine therelationships between personality traits and leadership roles.Findings – The results produced a remarkable synthesis of two separate fields of study within asingle competing quadrants grid confirming the causal paths from traits to the compressed CVF latentvariables.Research limitations/implications – This study raises important questions about the causaleffects of personality traits and situational contingencies on the choice of leadership roles.Practical implications – The new awareness of precursors to CVF roles calls for significantlyshifting the focus of leadership training and education efforts. Leadership development strategiesdesigned to improve current managerial strengths must also target specific weaknesses and theirpsychological underpinnings.Originality/value – The paper demonstrates the efficacy of the CVF and at the same time drawsmore robust conclusions about how traits affect the choice of leadership roles, how they influence theextent of managerial effectiveness and to what extent managerial choice of roles is conscious or just astimulus response.

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The Extra Question for Assignment 3 (Blog)
Posted on: Friday, 3 May 2019 7:51:34 AM AEST
Dear Students, as promised here is the extra question for Assessment 3. It is related to Meaning, Motivation and Mastery
I have included a link to a video below which shows noted philosopher Alan Watts speaking. You should find this quite thought provoking as Watts is known for bringing traditional Eastern philosophy (e.g., Buddhism) to Western capitalistic cultures.
Please watch the video below and you may want to also read about Watts on Wikipedia.
Watts’ ideas are directed toward life in general but his discourse raises how people experience paradoxes and confront competing values in the consideration and pursuit of their careers.
Moreover, the essence of his comments concern the centrality of attaining mastery. In this, his discussion reflects the core elements of competing values framework (CVF) and relate to the four quadrants of the CVF, which are concerned with supporting people in their careers, developing their creativity, monitoring their performance and maintaining their motivation (Quinn et. al., 2015). As such, Watts’ discourse is a useful platform for thinking about CVF management theory in terms of the reality of managers and workers lives and experiences.
The hospitality, tourism and events industries are replete with young, vibrant and motivated individuals but it is also heavy with long-standing, sometimes exhausted, individuals; a context that is found present in other industries as well. Managers must not only find ways to motivate employees under their charge but also ensure that they themselves remain motivated to become master managers.
What CVF quadrant and competencies best help and guide managers in dealing with maintaining motivation for themselves and others in their workplaces? What strategies could managers apply personally to attain…


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